“The customization of theory and policy starts with a recognition of diversity and heterogeneity in economic life  ... It is about abandoning Eurocentric arrogance and empowering local actors and validating local knowledge ... It is about humility in place of certainty, about understanding that what is important is not how much we know, but how little” 

- Norman Girvan -


My research focuses on the political economy of development in resource producing economies in the Global South. It examines the changing socio-economic order and interplay of domestic and external forces on the state’s capacity in extractive economies to promote broad-based industrial development especially in Latin American and Caribbean countries. It challenges mainstream economic arguments namely the resource curse hypothesis, weak institutions associated with new institutional economics, and conventional innovation systems analysis to arrive a more empirically grounded, theoretically rigorous conclusions. Instead, I propose a political economy framework to understand these dynamics through incorporation of institutional, industrial, and firm-level analyses.

 The dynamics of industrial development in a resource-dependent society. Journal of Developing Societies (2018) 

Innovation, Institutions and Development. Cambridge Journal of Economics (2020)

For politics, people, or the planet? The political economy of fossil fuel reform, energy dependence and climate policy in Haiti. Energy Research and Social Science (2020)

Structuralism and human development: a seamless marriage? An assessment of poverty, production and environmental challenges in CARICOM countries. International Journal of Political Economy (forthcoming 2020)

Works in Progress


Power to the People!’: the catalytic role of social movements in industrial change and development in Trinidad and Tobago’ with Zophia Edwards (revise and resubmit)


Rise of ‘new maroon firms’? Marginalization and migration as sources of innovation, entrepreneurial dynamism and economic development in the Caribbean’ (revised and resubmitted)

Transforming rentier states? Uneven financialization and the implications for accumulation and redistribution within national oil companies: YPFB (Bolivia) and Petrotrin (Trinidad and Tobago)’ (revised and resubmitted)


Legitimating (un)friendly capital in Latin America and the Caribbean (under peer review)


A new center-periphery? Oil and gas-based developing economies facing an existential demand crisis (under peer review)


The Triple Crisis of debt, demand and decarbonisation in commodity dependent developing countries (under peer review)

Theorising the ‘rent space’ in the political economy of industrial upgrading in Trinidad and Tobago’s (under peer review)

Paying for the climate crisis: reparatory regimes, climate justice and geopolitical genealogies of reparations movements under global racial capitalism’ (expected submission: October 2020)


The New ‘Bond-age’ and the case for climate reparations: unpicking entanglements of financialisation, the SDGs and the climate crisis (expected submission: December 2020)